Biogeochemical Modelling

Ecosystems are complex dynamic systems and the study of their functioning and evolution requires the development of dynamic biogeochemical models. Last two decades have seen a tremendous development in model based systems due to the increasing need of understanding marine ecosystems and their dynamic response to environmental stresses from pollution to climate change. Biogeochemical Modelling investigates the transport and cycling of elements within the ocean, primarily of climate-relevant biogeochemical tracer elements like carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen. Numerical models are applied that differ in their complexity, from simple process models, advanced optimality- and trait-based physio-ecological models, to coupled biogeochemistry-circulation models of the World Ocean.


Recent Publications:

What ocean biogeochemical models can tell us about bottom-up control of ecosystem variability

A. Gnanadesikan, J. P. Dunne and J. John
DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsr068, 2011


Contributions of the atmosphere–land and ocean–sea ice model components to the tropical Atlantic SST bias in CESM1

Zhenya Song, Sang-Ki Lee, Chunzai Wang, Ben Kirtman, Fangli Qiao
DOI:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.09.008, 2015


Comparing wavelengths simulated by the coastal wave model CWAM and TerraSAR-X satellite data

Claus Gebhardt, Andrey Pleskachevsky, Wolfgang Rosenthal, Susanne Lehner, Peter Hoffmann, Jens Kieser, Thomas Bruns
DOI:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.10.003, 2015


Explicitly representing soil microbial processes in Earth system models

William R. Wieder, Steven D. Allison, Eric A. Davidson, Katerina Georgiou, Oleksandra Hararuk, Yujie He, Francesca Hopkins, Yiqi Luo, Matthew J. Smith, Benjamin Sulman, Katherine Todd-Brown, Ying-Ping Wang, Jianyang Xia, Xiaofeng Xu
DOI: 10.1002/2015GB005188, 2015


Modeling methane and nitrous oxide emissions from direct‐seeded rice systems

Maegen B. Simmonds, Changsheng Li, Juhwan Lee, Johan Six, Chris van Kessel, Bruce A. Linquist

Modelling nitrous oxide emission from water-logged soils of a spruce forest ecosystem using the biogeochemical model Wetland-DNDC

Marc Lamers, Joachim Ingwersen, Thilo Streck in Biogeochemistry


Sensitivity of burned area in Europe to climate change, atmospheric CO2 levels and demography: A comparison of two fire‐vegetation models

Minchao Wu, Wolfgang Knorr, Kirsten Thonicke, Guy Schurgers, Andrea Camia, Almut Arneth Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 2015


Dynamic modeling of nitrogen losses in river networks unravels the coupled effects of hydrological and biogeochemical processes

Richard B. Alexander, John Karl Böhlke, Elizabeth W. Boye et al. in Biogeochemistry



Modelling landscape controls on dissolved organic carbon sources and fluxes to streams

J. J. Dick, D. Tetzlaff, C. Birkel, C. Soulsby in Biogeochemistry


Tracking evolution of urban biogeochemical cycles: past, present, and future

Sujay S. Kaushal, William H. McDowell, Wilfred M. Wollheim in Biogeochemistry


Arctic Freshwater Synthesis: Summary of key emerging issues

T. Prowse, A. Bring, J. Mård, E. Carmack, M. Holland, A. Instanes, T. Vihma, F. J. Wrona Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 2015